Keltner channel strategy – a complete guide

Did you know that you could “predict” market reversals and boost your trading percentage by properly timing your entries? There is a good reason why channels are a common trading indicator. A trader who understands the proper use of channels can add a fantastic tool to discover extra confluence variables for their price analysis.

It’s easy to use a technical indication like the Keltner channel. This indicator, which is based on volatility, has three different lines. A price’s exponential moving average (EMA) is in the middle. The lower and upper bands are set at twice the average true range. These bands also grow and shrink as the volatility (as measured by ATR) does. Oversold and overbought levels can be distinguished using the lower and upper bands.

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This indicator helps you better time your market entries and can also help you take better trades. Keep reading to learn all you need to use the Keltner Channel strategy in trading.

What is a keltner channel?

The Keltner Channel is a volatility-based band used in determining a trend’s direction and is placed on both sides of the price of an asset. It was developed and introduced in the 1960s by Chester Keltner, who termed it after his name. Simple Moving Averages (SMA) and upper and lower price ranges were used in the original formula to calculate the bands. Over the years, it was modified, and in 1980, another formula that used Average True Range (ATR) emerged. This ATR is still in use to date.

Keltner channel formula

Keltner Channel’s default setting calculation:

  • Keltner Middle line: 20-period EMA
  • Keltner Upper line: 20 EMA + 2 x ATR
  • Keltner Lower line: 20 EMA – 2 x ATR

The middle line can be regarded as the average, and the lower and upper bands indicate how distant the price is from the average.

How to use keltner channel strategy in trading

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As we previously explained, the Keltner channel strategy is a technical indicator that aids traders in determining market volatility, evaluating the current trend, and identifying future breakouts. The middle, upper and lower lines, which constitute the dynamic channel that contains the price point inside the two boundaries, will be displayed when the channel indicator is plotted on the price chart.

Let’s now examine how you can read the Keltner indicator appropriately.

You can see from the figure below that a strong indication of a downtrend is given when the price hits the upper band, and the upper line likewise points upward.

The stock price will typically oscillate between both the lower and upper bands when the price is moving sideways, and the Keltners are flat and moving horizontally.

The Keltner also helps in spotting pullbacks. Using this indicator to measure price retracement is usually advisable for traders.

You can observe from the chart below that the price seems to fluctuate close to the midline (20-EMA) when there is a significant upward trend.

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Keltner channel trading strategy

The Keltner channel is an extremely potent predictor of breakouts, as we have stated. The best performance of this indicator occurs as volatility increases.

The ADX indicator will be used as the second tool in this Keltner channel technique to obtain more precise results.

Things to note about this strategy include:

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  • The ADX indicator is useful for assessing breakout strength.
  • A bullish or bearish trend is signalled when the ADX reaches the 20-level threshold.
  • Flat Keltner Channel bands are required.
  • For a buy order, the price must move beyond the upper band.
  • ADX should rise above level 20.
  • Price must exceed the lower band for the sell-side, and ADX must drop to below 20 levels.

How to spot explosive breakouts using keltner channel

You might not be aware of this, but…

Market volatility changes in cycles, going through times of low volatility followed by times of high volatility.

This indicates that the least volatile period of the market is the optimum time to accomplish it.

You might be curious…

“But how can I determine when price volatility is at a minimum?”

There are numerous approaches, but one is to use the Keltner Channel.

How to do it is as follows:

  • Allow the price to approach the Resistance and Support levels.
  • Keep an eye out for a Keltner Channel Squeeze, where the price becomes “trapped” between the outside and middle channel lines.
  • On the breakout, enter

Now…

The outside channel line is “near to flat” to imply uncertainty and minimal market volatility during the Keltner Channel Squeeze.

There is probably no Keltner Channel Squeeze present if the outside channel line is steep.

Conclusion

The Bollinger indicator and the Keltner channel are similar. Although both indicators have an upper, middle, and lower band and are envelope-based, their calculations are different.

There are strong prospects of a trend reversal when the price closes near the edge of the lower or upper channel. A hint that the price will shortly break out is indicated when the Keltner channel advances in a flat direction.

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